木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂对水稻纹枯病的田间防治效果
投稿时间:2019-07-02    点此下载全文
引用本文:邹丽文,李婷婷,付波,陈捷.木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂对水稻纹枯病的田间防治效果[J].《上海交通大学学报》(农业科学版),2019,(6):1-5
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作者单位E-mail
邹丽文 大连瓦房店市农业发展服务中心,辽宁 大连 116300 1341578103@qq.com 
李婷婷 上海交通大学 农业与生物学院/微生物代谢国家重点实验室/都市农业南方重点实验室,上海 200240 litingting2017@sjtu.edu.cn 
付波 大连瓦房店市农业发展服务中心,辽宁 大连 116300  
陈捷 上海交通大学 农业与生物学院/微生物代谢国家重点实验室/都市农业南方重点实验室,上海 200240  
基金项目:国家重点研究计(2017YFD0200403;2017YFD0201108)
中文摘要:为评价生防制剂木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂防治水稻纹枯病的田间药效,本试验于2017—2018连续2年采用大田对比试验对木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂的防效和增产率进行研究。2017年结果表明在水稻纹枯病发生前或初期施用木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂2次(100 g/667 m2),防效和增产率可达53.61%和28.9%,超过木霉菌芽孢杆菌单一菌剂的防效和增产率(47.8%和12.5%;32.2%和26.2%)且持效期性较好。2018年结果表明,在水稻纹枯病发生前或发生初期施用木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂2次(200 g/667 m2;300 g/667 m2),防效和增产率分别达到68.52%和8.08%;79.23%和12.8%,增产显著,且对水稻安全无药害,值得进一步研究和推广应用。该研究结果将为减少化学农药的使用量,提高绿色防控水稻纹枯病的水平提供技术支撑。
中文关键词:木霉菌·芽孢杆菌混剂  水稻纹枯病  防治效果
 
Controleffects of mixed agent of Trichoderma Bacilluson rice sheath blight
Abstract:To find potential bio-fungicides to control rice sheath blight and reduce the use of chemical fungicides,field trials of biocontrol agent against rice sheath blight were carried out for two consecutive years since 2017.In the first year,the mixture of Trichoderma and Bacillus strains was sprayed two times before or at the beginning stage of sheath blight occurrence (100 g/667 m2) at 10 days interval.Results suggested that control effects and yield increase rate by the mixture of Trichoderma and Bacillus strains reached 53.61% and 28.9%,better than single treatment with Trichoderma or Bacillus agent (47.8% and 12.5%;32.2% and 26.2%).In the second year,the similar treatment (200 g/667 m2;300 g/667 m2) resulted in 68.52% and 8.08%;79.23% and 12.8%,respectively.This study indicated that the mixture of Trichoderma and Bacillus as a novel kind of rice sheath blight control agent performed well in field,which deserved further popularization and application as a new efficient and environmental biocontrol agent.
keywords:Biocontrol agents  Trichoderma-Bacillus mixed agents  rice sheath blight  
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