美洲印第安视角主义下的动物实验伦理探讨
投稿时间:2019-08-24    点此下载全文
引用本文:张沐阳.美洲印第安视角主义下的动物实验伦理探讨[J].《上海交通大学学报》(农业科学版),2019,(6):41-45
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作者单位E-mail
张沐阳 北京大学 社会学系,北京 100871 425051262@qq.com 
中文摘要:首先对动物保护主义运动的发展历史和动物保护主义运动的主要理论进行了梳理。同时,也对动物保护主义运动兴起以来,科学界和法学界关于实验动物伦理的回应进行了叙述。对比动物保护主义运动和现今的实验动物伦理,基于限制人类行为的实验动物伦理,已陷入无法回应“非人类中心主义”思潮下的动物保护主义运动的困境。在人类学界近年来的“本体论转向”中,拉美人类学家卡斯特罗提出的“美洲印第安视角”,对人与动物关系给出了一种新的的解释框架。本文通过对上海某大学动物实验中心的案例分析,在经验层面印证了运用“美洲印第安视角主义”来构建动物实验伦理的可行性,并提出了对动物实验伦理的展望与构想。
中文关键词:动物保护主义  动物实验伦理  美洲印第安视角主义
 
Discussion on the ethics of animal experiment from the Amerindian Perspectivism
Abstract:Firstly,the development history and main theories of animal protection movement are summarized.At the same time,it also narrates the response of scientific and legal circles on experimental animal ethics since the rise of animal protection movement.Comparing the animal protection movement with the current experimental animal ethics,it is still based on the experimental animal ethics which restricts human behavior,which cannot respond to the animal protection movement under the trend of “non-anthropocentrism”.The Amerindian Perspectivism proposed by the Latin American anthropologist Castro provides a new interpretation framework for the relationship between humans and animals.Through the case analysis of the animal experiment center of a university in Shanghai,China,the feasibility of using the “Amerindian Perspectivism” to construct the animal experiment ethics is proved in the experience level,providing the prospect and conception of animal experiment ethics.
keywords:animal protection  animal experiment ethics  Amerindian Perspectivism
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